Part 2: Implementing a Strategy for Future Success
Further to these challenges presented the Red Bull Management decided that changes needed to be made in order to improve the results and moral within the team.
These were the following:
Photos: (1) All the trophies! Nick in the Red Bull Racing reception on a recent visit to the team's factory. (2) Red Bull at Goodwood (3) 4 Time World Champion, Sebastian Vettel (4) Vettel's 2011 car (5) Inside the garage at Goodwood this year.
All photos have been taken by the HR Strategy Pro Ignition team on their travels, please do not use without permission.
Building a High Performance Team – Red Bull Racing.
By Nick Butcher - HRSP Ignition, Co-founder
Part 1: Background
In 2004 the Red Bull Drinks Company purchased the Jaguar Racing Team for $1. The Jaguar team who were owned at the time by the Ford Motor Company had been in Formula 1 since 2000, after Ford purchased 3 time Formula 1 champion Jackie Stewart’s Stewart Grand Prix team. During that time the team saw four changes of management, only 2 podiums and no constructors championship finish higher than 7th. Red Bull ownership on the other hand has seen the team achieve great things and with over 60 wins and between 2010 to 2013 winning all four Driver’s and Constructor’s Championships. This has all been achieved with mainly with the same management team led by Christian Horner since the first season and drivers who have mainly come through their own driver academy.
So how did a drinks company achieve so much with the same team where one of the biggest motor groups in the world couldn’t?
Challenges Red Bull Inherited
In 2006 Red Bull Racing hired renowned car designer Adrian Newey as Chief Technical Officer. Newey had come from rivals McLaren and before that Williams, where with both teams the car designs he had overseen had won multiple World Championships. Even upon his departure from McLaren, believing Red Bull Racing posed no threat, McLaren did not enforce any garden leave or period were Newey had to sit out of the sport before changing teams. He moved straight over and from in 2017 autobiography, Newey noted the following challenges that he found when entering the Red Bull factory in Milton Keynes:
So how did Newey and Red Bull turn it around?
The Results of the Changes
Looking at this on a purely results basis the first few years under the Red Bull Management remained quite similar from their first season in 2005 to 2008 with the team still not finishing higher than 7th. There were some high lights, with achieving their first podium with a 3rd place finish at the 2006 Monaco Grand Prix with David Coulthard but also some low points, which included a rather embarrassing 2008 season where they were outscored by their “junior” team Toro Rosso, who had been purchased by the Red Bull Group in 2005 when they took over the Italian team Minardi. That season Toro Rosso also managed the first win for the Red Bull Group when future 4-Time World Champion Sebastian Vettel took an incredible victory at a very wet Monza.
That would all change however in 2009 when the rule changes that Newey had been getting the team to work towards and focus on came into fruition as the team won 6 Grand Prix finishing 2nd behind Brawn GP in the Constructors Championship.
That season set the foundations for what would be over the next 4 seasons domination as between 2010 – 2013, Sebastian Vettel and Red Bull Racing went on to win all the driver’s and constructor’s championships on offer. It wasn’t always as straight forward as it seemed though with 2010 and 2012 going down to the wire with Vettel just edging it in the final race.
2014 however brought in new engine regulations and the once powerful partnership between Red Bull and its engine supplier Renault started to sour as teams became much more reliant on engine performance as the teams switched from V8s to V6 Hybrids. Something that Red Bull Racing boss Christian Horner quite openly admitted to me when I asked him what needed to change back in 2017. Put simply the manufacturer teams like Mercedes and Ferrari could have more control on their engines as “Works” team rather than “Customer” teams who relied on engine manufacturers getting it right!
In saying that though, the seasons since have still brought success with multiple race wins and Red Bull Racing can consider themselves now very much in the “Top 3” along with Mercedes and Ferrari. Attracting the best people to their team and many consider getting ready to build towards another era of dominance. In 2019 they started a partnership with Honda, effectively becoming the Japanese Car manufacturer’s Works team. A relationship which has already seen 2 races wins (as of October 2019) and looks very promising.
“Its all about getting the right people in the right positions and empowering them to get on with their job. Every now and then a direction or a target has to be set but it’s a question of trusting the group you have around you and to have the faith in them, that they are going to get on with their element” Christian Horner said back in an interview in 2014 “That is the biggest thing that has changed in the last 10 years when Red Bull first bought the team from Jaguar, there was a total lack of trust between the departments and they would blame each other.”
All we know is that it certainly worked the first time round, so no one should bet against seeing them back at the top again!
Co-founder and Director - HRSP Ignition
Photos: Inside the factory, all the Red Bull Racing cars including the 4 World Championship Winners. Ignition Co-founder Nick Butcher with Adrian Newey back in 2017.